Many common foods found in and around our homes can pose big risks to our furriest family members. We may never intend for our pets to eat these things, but accidents can easily happen. Unfortunately, all it takes is brownies left unattended or an apple that fell off the tree in your yard for Fido to get sick. So, dog owners should be vigilant in keeping these potential poisons away from pets. Here is a list of foods that are toxic to dogs:
Tasty, But Toxic!
- Apple, Apricot, Cherry and Plum Seeds/Pits: These pits contain cyanide which can cause vomiting, irregular and fast heartbeat, seizures, coma and death due to the inability of red blood cells to properly carry oxygen to cells.
- Avocado: Contains persin, a toxic compound that causes vomiting and diarrhea.
- Broccoli: Contains isothiocyanate which can be harmful to pets in very large doses.
- Chives: Can cause potentially fatal anemia in dogs (and also cats!).
- Chocolate: Contains methylxanthines which can cause potentially fatal diarrhea, vomiting, seizures and irregular heart beats.
- Garlic: Can cause potentially fatal anemia in dogs (and also cats).
- Grapes and Raisins: Can cause severe and potentially fatal kidney failure.
- Ham: May cause pancreatitis, a potentially fatal disease, due to high fat content.
- Macadamia Nuts: Contains an unidentified toxin that can cause vomiting, weakness, joint pain and inflammation.
- Mushrooms: Many types contain many different toxins that may cause kidney and liver failure, vomiting, diarrhea, hallucination and damage to red blood cells.
- Nutmeg: May cause hallucinations and severe vomiting.
- Onions: Causes potentially fatal oxidation of red blood cells leading to their destruction and causing anemia.
- Salt: Excessive amounts of salt can cause a change in the fluid balance of cells thus causing tremors, seizures and coma (this also includes rock salt and homemade playdough!).
- Spicy Food: Extra heat added to a dish could potentially cause vomiting, stomach ulcers or diarrhea.
- Sugar-Free Gum & Candy (Xylitol): Causes a potentially fatal drop in blood glucose (blood sugar) followed by severe liver damage.
- Yeast Dough: Yeast in the raw dough can cause an excess buildup of gas in a pet’s stomach causing severe pain and potential life threatening torsion or rupture of the stomach.
- Tobacco: Nicotine containing products can cause excitement, vomiting and tremors that are usually followed by fatal paralysis.
- Caffeine: Contains methylxanthines which can cause potentially fatal diarrhea, vomiting, seizures and irregular heart beats.
- Alcohol: Causes weakness, vomiting, dangerously low blood pressure, coma and death in pets.
- Milk & Dairy Products: May cause diarrhea and gas in adult animals who are lactose intolerant.
However, it’s not just foods that are toxic to dogs. Plants can also be extremely harmful to our pets. Many household and landscape favorites could cause problems for your pets. Click here to read our blog post all about what plants to avoid and gardening solutions for your home!
If an accident or injury does ever occur, a Pets Best pet insurance plan can help make veterinary bills more manageable. You can choose between the BestBenefit Accident and Illness plan or the Accident-Only policy. Then, decide if you want to add the Wellness Routine Care option. The best part about this coverage is that it can be used with any licensed vet, and existing Farmers clients also get a 5% discount on their policy! However, keep in mind that these policies won’t cover previous or on-going health issues, so it’s best to purchase a policy as soon as you adopt!